The following words were taken from the Dawn newspaper on June 23, 2020:
Dawn Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning | 23 June 2020
Taken aback (idiom)
to be surprised
Example: All of us were a bit taken aback to learn that Mary was moving to USA next month.
Synonyms: startled, astonished, stunned, frightened, bewildered, dazed
Antonyms: unsurprised, aware, calm
اہلکار، افسر، عہدیدار
a person who has official duties, especially in a government or political party
Example: Due to the environment of the functionary, he was required to deliver mail in the rain or snow.
Synonyms: agent, officer, civil servant, skilled personnel, manager, office holder, representative, official, head
سمجھ سے باہر، مشکل، انوکھا
difficult to find, catch or achieve
Example: The animal control officer could not catch the elusive dog.
Synonyms: fugitive, ambiguous, incomprehensible, slippery, illusory, evasive, volatile, tricky, puzzling, mysterious
Antonyms: understandable, definite, clear
کم مقدار، تھوڑا، نحیف
(of something provided or available) lacking in quantity or quality
Example: Because you only earn a meager salary, you should be very careful about your spending.
Synonyms: small, insufficient, skimpy, inadequate, less, minimum, miserable, hand-to-mouth, skimp, slim
Antonyms: abundant, plentiful, sufficient, excess, enough, significant, wealthy, adequate
فروغ دینا، قابل ذکر بنانا، بروئے کار لانا
make full use of and derive benefit from (a source)
Example: 200 companies sprang up to exploit this new technology.
Synonyms: adventure, deed, accomplishment, achievement
Antonyms: failure, idleness, inactivity
حد سے زیادہ، بکثرت
(of something bad) getting worse quickly and in an uncontrolled way
Example: The country has high unemployment and rampant inflation.
Synonyms: excessive, growing, abundant, unchecked, uncontrolled, unbridled, unrestrained, runaway, unhindered, unhampered
Antonyms: bridled, checked, constrained, controlled, hindered, temperate, hampered, gentle, moderate, mild, less
Red tape (noun)
دفتری ضابطہ کی سخت پابندی
official rules and processes that seem unnecessary and delay result results Or excessive adherence to rules and formalities, especially in public processes
Example: Turkish companies fear the red tape will scare off customers.
Synonyms: bureaucratic rules, official work, bureaucratic paper work, administration, ministry
Antonyms: ignorance, disorganization
Bog down (phrasal verb)
دھنسنا، مانند پڑ جانا، تنزلی کا شکارہونا
to prevent someone or something from moving or progressing
Example: It’s natural to become bogged down in name selection from time to time.
Synonyms: halt, hindrance, resistance, opposition, stick, retard
Antonyms: advance, forward, progressive
اصلاح پذیر، تربیت پذیر، پڑھائے جانے کے قابل
weakly manageable Or quiet and easy to influenced, persuade or control
Example: She had been a docile pupil, but was incapable of any real progress.
Synonyms: accommodating, obedient, submissive, gentle, pliable, meek
Antonyms: headstrong, determined, stubborn
سزا یا شکست جس سے بچا نہ جا سکے، روگ
(a cause of) punishment or defeat that is deserved and cannot be avoided
Example: The tax increase proved to be the Prime Minister’s political nemesis.
Synonyms: opponent, rival, adversary, punisher, vigilante, avenger
Antonyms: happiness, advantage, benefit