Daily Dawn News Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning | 14 July 2020

Dawn Vocabulary 14 July 2020 | The following words were taken from the Dawn newspaper on July 14, 2020:

Dawn Vocabulary 14 July 2020 | Urdu Meaning & Sentence Examples

Stringent (adjective)  

قاعدے ضابطے میں سخت، شدید، سخت، مجبور کن

having a very severe effect, or being extremely limiting

Example: The stringent policies of the hospital had tormented her life.

Synonyms: rigid, demanding, inflexible, rigorous, ironclad, brassbound, uncompromising

Antonyms: flexible, calm, easy, facile, amenable

Spur (verb)  

اکسانے والی بات، شروع کرنا، حوصلہ دینا،

to encourage an activity or development Or make it happen faster

Example: The teacher spurred the students to study whole heartedly to achieve good grades.

Synonyms: encouragement, impulse, boost, incitement, stimulus, motivation

Antonyms: counterincentive, deterrent

Foreclosure (noun)  

گروی چیز کی ضبطی، شے مرہونہ کی ضبطی، رہن کی ہوئی چیز کی ضبطی

the action of taking possession of a mortgaged property when the mortgagor fails to keep up their mortgage payments

Example: The banks are seeking stringent foreclosure laws to avoid credit recession.

Synonyms: proscribe, counter, forestall, nix, prohibit, disallow, rule out, veto, anticipate

Antonyms: allow

Sprawl (verb)  

بے ڈھنگے انداز میں بدن کا پھیلنا، پاوں پھیلا کر پیٹ کے بل رینگنا، درخت کا بے قاعدہ طور پر پھیلنا، بے ڈھنگی انگڑائی

to develop or spread without limitation Or to spread the arms and legs out carelessly and untidily while sitting or laying down

Example: Unfortunately, population in Pakistan is sprawling in an unwise manner.

Synonyms: ramble, recline, lounge, drape, slouch, flop, extend

Antonyms: compress, straighten, stand

Affluent (adjective)  

امیر، دولت مند، مالدار، تونگر، بہتات سے، خوشحالی، بہت امیر، فراواں

having a lot of money Or owning a lot of things

Example: The tax and monetary burden should not be same over the affluent and poor.

Synonyms: prosperous, wealthy, moneyed, well-endowed, well-heeled, fat-cat

Antonyms: destitute, indigent, poor, needy

Surveillance (noun)  

کڑی نگرانی، خصوصامشتبہ آدمی کی کڑی نگرانی

close observation especially of a suspected spy or criminal

Example: The presumptuous staff is under surveillance of the intelligence department since September 2019.

Synonyms: examination, inspection, vigilance, wiretap, scrutiny, oversight, stewardship, guidance, superintendence, care

Antonyms: neglect, carelessness, ignorance

Respite (noun)  

وقتی آرام، وقتی سکون، وقفہ، آرام کا وقفہ دینا، مہلت دینا، ملتوی کرنا، عارضی طور پر تسکین دینا،سزا میں مہلت، سزائے موت ملتوی کرنا

a short period of rest or relief from something difficult or unpleasant

Example: They need a respite to understand the meticulous cryptography.

Synonyms: relaxation, downtime, interruption, truce, reprieve, recess, hiatus

Antonyms: beginning, continuation, censure

Shambolic (adjective)  

بد نظمی کے ساتھ، بری طرح سے منظم

confused and badly organized

Example: Principal noticed the shambolic acts of her school teacher and issued a show cause notice for untenable performance.

Synonyms: disorganized, chaotic, mismanaged, muddled, shuffled, disordered, haphazard, jumbled, unsystematic, ugly

Antonyms: organized, systematic, ordered

Cudgel (noun)  

ڈنڈے سے مارنا، لاٹھی مارنا

a short, thick stick used as a weapon

Example: The protesters carrying cudgel attacked the vulnerable news channel building.

Synonyms: nightstick, truncheon, bludgeon

Antonyms: polite, affection

Gruelling (adjective)  

مشقت سے بھر پور، سخت، شدید، سخت محنت طلب، تھکانے والا، تلخ تجربہ

extremely tiring and difficult, and demanding great effort and determination

Example: Venezuela gruelling and dwindling economy crisis are terrible and thousands of children could starve to death.

Synonyms: brutal, hellacious, arduous, laborious, uphill, torturous, tough, strenuous, fierce, sweaty, effortful, toilsome, herculean

Antonyms: undemanding, facile, effortless


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